Diagnostic methods of GIT

Gastroenterology is the study of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon and rectum, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts and liver.

A gastroenterologist needs to have a detailed understanding of the normal physiology of all the above mentioned organs as well as motility through the intestines and gastrointestinal tract in order to maintain a healthy digestion, absorption of nutrients,  removal of waste and metabolic processes.

Diagnosis of digestive disorders involves an evaluation of organ function, Only a comprehensive approach to diagnosis can provide appropriate treatment results.

Patient Complaints. Based on the nature of the patient’s complaints the doctor will ask the patient a number of questions dealing with his lifestyle, symptom onset and diet.

Case History. Next, the doctor will probe a patient’s case history, including patient family members.

Examination. The doctor conducts a physical examination using touch (palpation), listening to your internal organs (auscultation), and also tap and listen (percussion). These simple steps give a doctor basic information about your organs; their size, location, and a partial assessment of their functioning.

To obtain full information about the functioning of the internal organs, certain diagnostic procedures and tests employed, including: