Ultrasound examination implies study of the internal organs and their movement with the help of ultrasound. The organ under test is being exposed to the ultrasound waves, the reflected signal is caught and processed, and after that the image of the organ is shown on the screen, and the image is in motion.
During this procedure, the organs of the abdominal cavity (liver, pancreas, gallbladder, spleen) as well as retroperitoneal space and vessels are evaluated. It shows their sizes, internal structure, position, any additional structures (tumors), mal-developments, inflammatory changes and their areas, the location of the great and internal organ vessels, and the condition of the lumen. It also helps detect stones, cysts, blood clots and the changes typical for chronic diseases and traumatic injuries.
Abdominal ultrasound should be performed in the fasted state in the morning (the last food intake must be not later than 6-8 hours before the procedure). Beans, raw vegetables, black bread and milk, ought to be excluded from the diet for 1-2 days. If the patient is prone to bloating, then it is recommended to take enterosorbents. If the patient has diabetes, it is allowed to have a light breakfast (warm tea and dried white bread).