Treatment of chronic gastritis
- The aforementioned factors, which increase the likelihood of a chronic gastritis, should be avoided. These factors include alcohol, tobacco, NSAIDs, and corticosteroids.
- Unless the patient is suffering from type A gastritis, a drug therapy is recommended in order to reduce acid production. The number one choice for this task is proton pump inhibitors. Other types of drugs include histamine-2 receptor blockers and antacids.
- Type B gastritis calls for a complete eradication of Helicobacter pylori in order for the treatment to be successful. A combination of broad-spectrum antibiotics and bismuth subsalicylate are used to cure the patient from Helicobacter pylori infection. Treating the patient for Helicobacter pylori allows to lower the risk of recurrence of the chronic gastritis from approximately 70% to 10%. It also reduces the chances of complications, such as bleeding.
- Regular exercises has been shown to normalize the stomach’s acidity, while substantially decreasing the chances of bleeding and ulceration. This includes aerobic exercises such as fast walking, jogging, cycling, etc. Sports such as swimming are not recommended since the horizontal position of the body can increase heartburn. Heavy weight lifting is contraindicated during chronic gastritis.
If the treatment was started on time, the prognosis for curing chronic gastritis is very good. It is important to know that before gastritis can be eliminated completely it is important to treat all the nearby organs and organs of the digestive tract, which can cause a reflectory gastritis. Type A gastritis proves to be harder to treat and calls for constant replacement therapy, since the decrease in secretion of gastric acid cannot be reversed. Also it is important to go through blood tests, since people with type A gastritis are prone to developing megaloblastic anemia.